The Akh got tired of listening to people’s opinions on Laylut Al Qadr, so turning to the books, The Akh collated all the authentic & referenced hadith on The Night of Power/Decree.
Aisha asked Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) to tell her what prayers to say on Laylat al-Qadr if she knew which night it was, and he told her to say;
“O Allah, Thou art forgiving and lovest forgiveness, so forgive me.”
“Allah huma innaka affowan tohibal aff wa faa fo annaye”
Ahmad, Ibn Majah and Tirmidhi transmitted it, and Tirmidhi declared it to be sound.
Narrated by Aisha RA
Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) came to us as we had been arguing with each other about the Divine Decree (al-Qadr). He was so annoyed that his face became as red as if there had been squeezed on his cheeks the flesh of pomegranates.
“Is this what you have been commanded to do, is this with which I have been sent to you?
Those who had gone before you were destroyed as they disputed about it. I adjure you, I adjure you not to fall into argumentation in regard to it”.
Tirmidhi transmitted it. Ibn Majah transmitted something similar from Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-’As in Kitab al-Qadr No. 0085.
Narrated by AbuHurayrah
I was present at the gathering of Banu Salamah, and I was the youngest of them. They (the people) said: Who will ask the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) for us about Laylat al-Qadr? That was the twenty-first of Ramadan.
I went out and said the sunset prayer along with the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him). I then stood at the door of his house. He passed by me and said: Come in. I entered (the house) and dinner was brought for him. I was prevented from taking food as it was scanty. When he finished his dinner, he said to me: Give me my shoes. He then stood up and I also stood up with him.
He said: Perhaps you have some business with me. I said: Yes. Some people of Banu Salamah have sent me to you to ask you about Laylat al-Qadr. He asked: Which night: Is it tonight? I said: Twenty-second. He said: This is the very night. He then withdrew and said: Or the following night, referring to the twenty-third night.
Sunan of Abu-Dawood
Narrated by Abdullah ibn Unays
Zirr ibn Hubaysh reported: I thus asked Ubayy ibn Ka’b: Your brother (in faith) Ibn Mas’ud says: He who stands (for the night prayer) throughout the year will find laylat al-Qadr. Thereupon he said: May Allah have mercy upon him. (He said these words) with the intention that people might not rely only (on one night), whereas he knew that it (laylat al-Qadr) was in the month of Ramadan and it was the twenty-seventh night. He then took an oath (without making any exception, i.e. without saying insha’Allah) that it was the twenty-seventh night.
I said to him: AbulMundhir, on what grounds do you say that? Thereupon he said: By the indication or by the sign which the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) gave us, and that is that on that day (the sun) would rise without having any ray in it.
Sahih Muslim Hadith
Narrated by Ubayy ibn Ka’b
Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said, “There are no days on which Allah likes better to be worshipped than the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. Fasting observed on each of these days is equivalent to a year’s fasting, and prayer during each of these nights is equivalent to prayer during Laylat al-Qadr.”
Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah transmitted it, but Tirmidhi said its isnad is weak.
Narrated by AbuHurayrah RA
I heard Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) saying:
He who discusses about the Divine Decree (al-Qadr) will be answerable for it on the Day of Resurrection and he who observes silence about it, will not be answerable for it.
Transmitted by Ibn Majah.
Narrated by Aisha
When the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated that his people would be granted forgiveness on the last night in Ramadan and was asked whether it was Laylat al-Qadr, he replied, “No, but a workman is paid his full wages only when he has finished his work.”
Ahmad transmitted it.
Narrated by Abu Hurayrah RA
AbuBakr RA heard Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) say, “Seek it (meaning Laylat al-Qadr), on the twenty-first, twenty-third, twenty-fifth, twenty-seventh, or on the last night.”
Tirmidhi transmitted it.
Narrated by Abu Bakr RA
Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said that when Laylat al-Qadr comes, Gabriel descends with a company of angels who invoke blessings on ever who is standing or sitting and remembering Allah, who is Great and Glorious.
Then when their festival day comes, i.e. the day when they break their fast, Allah speaks proudly of them to His angels saying, “My angels, what is the reward of a hired servant who has fully accomplished his work?” They reply, “Our Lord, his reward is that he should be paid his wage in full.” He says, “My angels, My male and female servants have fulfilled what I have made obligatory for them, and then have come out raising their voices in supplication. By My might, glory, honour, high dignity and exalted station, I shall certainly answer them.”
Then He says, “Return, for I have forgiven you and changed your evil deeds into good deeds.” He said that they then returned having received forgiveness.
Bayhaqi transmitted it in Shu’ab al-Iman.
Narrated by Anas ibn Malik
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Seek it (laylat al-Qadr) in the last ten days of Ramadan.
Seek it on the ninth, seventh and fifth night.
I (AbuNadrah) said: You know counting better than us, AbuSa’id. He said: Yes.
I asked: What do you mean by the ninth, seventh and fifth night? He said: When the twenty-first night passes, the night which follows it is the night; when the twenty-third night passes, the night which follows it is the seventh; when the twenty-fifth passes, the night which follows it is the fifth.
Sunan of Abu-Dawood
Narrated by AbuSa’id al-Khudri
Some persons among the Companions of the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) were shown Laylat al-Qadr while sleeping in the last week (of Ramadan). Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: I see that your dreams agree regarding the last week; so he who wants to seek it should seek it in the last week (during the night).
Sahih Muslim Hadith
Narrated by Abdullah ibn Umar
Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: I was shown Laylat al-Qadr; then some members of my family woke me up, then I was caused to forget it. So seek it in the last week. Harmalah said: (The Prophet did not say: “I was made to forget,” but he stated): “But I forgot it.”
Sahih Muslim Hadith
Narrated by AbuHurayrah
It is narrated on the authority of Yahya ibn Ya’mar that the first man who discussed Qadr (Divine Decree) in Basrah was Ma’bad al-Juhani.
Humayd ibn AbdurRahman al-Himyari and I set out for Pilgrimage or for Umrah and said: Should it so happen that we come into contact with one of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) we shall ask him about what is talked about Taqdir (Division Decree).
Accidentally we came across Abdullah ibn Umar ibn al-Khattab, while he was entering the mosque. My companion and I surrounded him. One of us (stood) on his right and the other stood on his left. I expected that my companion would authorize me to speak. I therefore said: AbuAbdurRahman! There have appeared some people in our land who recite the Holy Qur’an and pursue knowledge. And then after talking about their affairs, added: They (such people) claim that there is no such thing as Divine Decree and events are not predestined.
He (Abdullah ibn Umar) said: When you happen to meet such people tell them that I have nothing to do with them and they have nothing to do with me.
And verily they are in no way responsible for my (belief). Abdullah ibn Umar swore by Him (the Lord) (and said): If any one of them (who does not believe in the Divine Decree) had with him gold equal to the bulk of (the mountain) Uhud and then, it (in the way of Allah), Allah would not accept it unless he affirmed his faith in Divine Decree.
He further said: My father, Umar ibn al-Khattab, told me: One day we were sitting in the company of Allah’s Apostle (peace be upon him) when there appeared before us a man dressed in pure white clothes, his hair extraordinarily black. There were no signs of travel on him. None amongst us recognized him. At last he sat with the Apostle (peace be upon him) He knelt before him placed his palms on his thighs and said: Muhammad, inform me about al-Islam.
The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Al-Islam implies that you testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, and you establish prayer, pay Zakat, observe the fast of Ramadan, and perform pilgrimage to the (House) if you are solvent enough (to bear the expense of) the journey.
He (the inquirer) said: You have told the truth. He (Umar ibn al-Khattab) said: It amazed us that he would put the question and then he would himself verify the truth. He (the inquirer) said: Inform me about Iman (faith). He (the Holy Prophet) replied: That you affirm your faith in Allah, in His angels, in His Books, in His Apostles, in the Day of Judgment, and you affirm your faith in the Divine Decree about good and evil. He (the inquirer) said: You have told the truth.
He (the inquirer) again said: Inform me about al-Ihsan (performance of good deeds). He (the Holy Prophet) said: That you worship Allah as if you are seeing Him, for though you don’t see Him, He, verily, sees you.
He (the enquirer) again said: Inform me about the hour (of the Doom). He (the Holy Prophet) remarked: One who is asked knows no more than the one who is inquiring (about it).
He (the inquirer) said: Tell me some of its indications. He (the Holy Prophet) said: That the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and master, that you will find barefooted, destitute goat-herds vying with one another in the construction of magnificent buildings.
He (the narrator, Umar ibn al-Khattab) said: Then he (the inquirer) went on his way but I stayed with him (the Holy Prophet) for a long while.
He then, said to me: Umar, do you know who this inquirer was? I replied: Allah and His Apostle knows best. He (the Holy Prophet) remarked: He was Gabriel (the angel). He came to you in order to instruct you in matters of religion.
Sahih Muslim Hadith
Narrated by Abdullah ibn Umar ibn al-Khattab