For today’s Jumma reminder, The Akh is going to talk about Jihad* Fi’Sabeel’Allah – struggling in the way of Allah Az’Wajjal.
At the time of the Persian Empire in Iraq, between the Muslims and the Persian army was a river. One of the Muslims by the name Hajar… asked the rest, why don’t you cross the river to the enemy? And he jumped in the river on his horse, and all of the Muslims followed him. The Persians started screaming “Jinn! Jinn!” and they ran away. That was the end of the battle. Hajar justified his actions by saying “No soul will die, except by Allah’s leave”.
Allah also taught them not to depend on Muhammad (saw)
“Muhammad is no more than a messenger: many Were the messenger that passed away before him. If he died or were slain, will ye then Turn back on your heels? If any did turn back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah; but Allah (on the other hand) will swiftly reward those who (serve Him) with gratitude.”
In the battle of Uhud, the Muslims were defeated and many were killed. The prophet (saw) was struck with a rock, many thought that the prophet had been killed; this rumour had spread around and eventually reached the Muslims.
That led to the despair of some of the Muslims, which is when Allah revealed this ayah. This ayah was criticising the actions of some of the Muslims when they heard Prophet (saw) was killed.
Some of the Muslims were not affected by this news and others were.
An example being, one of the Ansar was asked, “Did you not hear that Prophet Muhammad (saw) has been killed”. His response was “If Prophet Muhammad (saw) has been killed, he has already conveyed the message, so die for his religion.”
When Muhammad (saw) died, Abubakr (ra) came from his home outside medina.
He came to the house of Prophet Muhammad (saw), and he came to Prophet Muhammad (saw) and he kissed him. He said “you are pure alive, and you are pure when you are dead. Allah will not make you die twice, you have already gone through the death that was prescribed upon you.”
Then he went to the Masjid, and saw Umar (ra) talking to the people. Umar (ra) did not want to believe that Prophet Muhammad (saw) was dead, so he said whoever says Prophet Muhammad (saw) has passed away, I will chop off his head. He said Prophet Muhammad (saw) went to meet Allah, just as Musa (as) went to meet Allah, and he will be back. When Abubakar (ra) entered the Masjid, he stopped Umar (ra) from speaking, and then he said;
“O people, whoever used to worship Muhammad, then Muhammad is dead. And whoever used to worship Allah, then Allah is alive and will never die.”
Abubakr then recited this ayah, many of the sahaba had heard this ayah before, but upon hearing Abubakr recite it, it was as thought they were hearing it for the first time. This was because when the prophet (saw) passed away, the sahaba were in an emotional state and they forgot everything.
‘Ali (ra) used to say during the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad (saw);
“In the name of Allah, we will not turn back, after Allah has guided us. In the name of Allah, I will either die or fight for him until I’m killed. I am his brother, I am his cousin, and I am his inheritor so who is closer to him than me.”
This shows that Ali (ra) is saying that the death of Prophet Muhammad (saw) will only make him carry the message further. He will fight for Prophet Muhammad (saw) until he is killed.
“And no person can ever die except by Allah’s leave and at an appointed term.”
“And no aged man is granted a length of life, nor is a part cut off from his life (or another man’s life), but is in a Book, Surely, that is easy for Allah”
These two, ayah show that we will die at our appointed time.
This ayah will encourage the cowards to fight, because courage does not decrease your life and cowardice does not increase it. If a mu’min reaches the stage of belief that his death will come at an appointed time, then he will become very courageous, he will fear nothing.
Ibn Abbas said, shaytaan screamed on the day of Uhud, that Muhammad (saw) has been killed. So some of the Muslims said if Muhammad (saw) has been killed, let us surrender. These are our tribes and our relatives from the quraish, and if Muhammad (saw) was alive we would not have lost. Some of the munafiqeen said, “Muhammad has been killed, so lets give up Islam.”
Allah tests the people and the outcome of these tests is different. Our life is full of tests. Allah puts us in one test after the other, if we pass them all, we become more pure. In the case of Uhud, some passed the test, and others failed. Some of the munafiqeen said, lets go to Abdullah ibn Ubay and ask him to negotiate for us, with the quraish. On the other hand, one of the ansaar said, “If even Prophet Muhammad (saw) has been killed, Allah is not dead, so let’s fight for Allah.”
The mufasireen have said a lot about this ayah, we can not go through all of it, but what we can learn, is that people divided into two groups in regards to the death of the prophet (saw). There were those with the right concept, and those with the false concept. And it was those with the false concept that Allah criticised in this ayah, they thought Islam is dependant on Prophet Muhammad (saw).
Those who held the false concept could be divided into two groups.
One of them failed, they became weak and could not handle the shock, and they tried to avoid death by asking for peace.
The second group adopted a worse concept they went back to kufr.
The positions of these two groups who adopted the wrong concept, is the positions of many Muslims today.
“So do not become weak (against your enemy), nor be sad, and you will be superior (in victory) if you are indeed (true) believers”
This ayah was revealed after Uhud, telling them not to allow the events to make them feel weak.
“(What is the matter with you?) When a single disaster smites you, although you smote (your enemies) with one twice as great, you say: “From where does this come to us?” Say (to them), “It is from yourselves (because of your evil deeds).” And Allah has power over all things.”
The above should be remembered when the believers lose
“And remember when you were few, deemed weak in the land, fearing lest people might carry you off by force, but He sheltered you and strengthened you with His aid and gave you of the good things that you may give thanks.”
And the above should be remembered when the believers win.
Victory is never attributed to the believers, it is from Allah.
The way that pleases Allah is that our actions should be dependant on what Allah has ordered us to.
We should leave the results to Allah; he will control the outcome, not us.
And we do not judge our actions based on the outcome.
It may be that your actions are according to what Allah has ordered, but the outcome is not what we hoped, this cannot be controlled by us.
If we chose to judge on outcomes, then it may seem that Uhud was wrong…and no one will dare to say that.
*Jihad encompasses all form of resistance as outlined in the current phase of fourth generation warfare